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MUNSHI PREMCHAND (1880-1936)

Munshi Premchand was a writer of Hindi and Urdu literature. In his early years, he ad to travel different places as his father had a transferable job. He completed his education in Gorakhpur, and started his career as a writer. He had a zeal for social reform and this personality. is reflected in his works. His achievement, through the role he played for the development of Hindi literature, is immeasurable. His works were translated into many foreign languages. Through his philosophy and outlook, he was known as a humble and modest person.

Early Years

Premchand was born on July 31, 1880, in the village of Lamhi, about four miles from the city of Benares. His immediate forebears were village accountants in Lamhi. His father, Munshi Azaayab Lal, popularly known as 'Munshiji', was the village postmaster. Premchand lost his mother when he was only seven years old and his father married for a second time. He was brought up mostly by his elder sister, who was, to an extent able to compensate for his mother's absence. In his childhood, Premchand had to travel frequently to many towns, as his father had a transferable job. He did most of his schooling in Gorakhpur (Uttar Pradesh) where he picked up the habit of reading stories and novels. He became acquainted with a bookseller called Buddhi Lal, who allowed him to sit in his shop and read. Premchand was interested in language and learned Hindi, Urdu, Parsi and English. This interest remained with him for the rest of his life and influenced him greatly in his later career as a writer.

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