Karnataka derives its name from Karnanadu, which means, “high plateau land”. The major part of the state constitutes the Deccan plateau, which has a far-reaching influence on the region’s soil, water resources and climatic conditions. Earlier, it was known as Mysore, which had come into being following the reorganisation of states in 1956. Karnataka has a recorded history of over 2000 years, and there are many heritage sites bearing testimony to the rich kingdoms of the past and their exquisite art and architecture.
The state also has a diversified ecological heritage, with beautiful hill stations, wild life sanctuaries, cascading rivers and lovely unspoilt beaches. Today Karnataka is better known as the Silicon State of India, with the highest concentration of information technology companies in India.
The capital Bangalore especially is the hub of the “IT revolution” in India. Karnataka has forged ahead in other areas too, being a major centre for heavy industries, electronics and machine tools. It is a premier educational destination as well with some of the country’s best known institutions located here. Karnataka is also famous for its traditional arts and crafts, especially Sandalwood products and handloom silks.